Dental implants are a popular option for replacing missing teeth and providing a strong, stable foundation for replacement teeth. There are several types of dental implants available, each with its own unique characteristics and benefits. In this article, we’ll explore the different types of dental implants and their key features.

Endosteal Implants

Endosteal implants, also known as endosseous implants, are the most common type of dental implant. They are placed directly into the jawbone and are typically made of titanium or a titanium alloy.

Endosteal implants are available in several shapes, including cylinder, blade, and screw. The shape of the implant depends on the location of the missing tooth and the condition of the jawbone.

Once the implant is placed, a healing period is required to allow the jawbone to fuse to the implant. This process, known as osseointegration, can take several months. Once the implant has integrated with the jawbone, a second surgery is performed to attach an abutment (a small connector post) to the implant. The replacement tooth is then attached to the abutment.

Subperiosteal Implants

Subperiosteal implants, also known as subperiosteal implants, are placed on top of the jawbone rather than within it. They consist of a metal framework that is placed under the gum tissue and secured to the jawbone.

Subperiosteal implants are typically used for individuals who do not have sufficient jawbone density to support endosteal implants. They are also an option for individuals who are unable or unwilling to undergo a bone graft procedure to increase the density of their jawbone.

Once the implant has integrated with the jawbone, the replacement teeth are attached to the metal framework. Subperiosteal implants are typically used to support a full or partial denture.

Zygomatic Implants

Zygomatic implants are a specialized type of dental implant used for individuals who do not have sufficient jawbone density in the posterior (back) part of their mouth. They are typically used to support a full upper denture.

Zygomatic implants are placed in the cheekbone (zygoma) rather than the jawbone. They are longer and thicker than traditional dental implants, and they require a more complex surgical procedure to place them.

Once the zygomatic implants have integrated with the cheekbone, the replacement teeth are attached to them. Zygomatic implants are typically used in cases where the jawbone has been severely resorbed (shrunk) due to missing teeth or gum disease.

Conclusion

Dental implants are a popular option for replacing missing teeth and providing a strong, stable foundation for replacement teeth. There are several types of dental implants available, including endosteal, subperiosteal, and zygomatic implants. The type of implant used depends on the location of the missing tooth, the condition of the jawbone, and the overall oral health of the patient. If you are considering dental implants, it’s important to speak with a dental professional to determine the best option for your needs.

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